January 27, 2023

The Falklands War was a conflict that tragically claimed the lives of over 900 military personnel and three civilians.

During the conflict, British troops were sent to defend the territory of the South Atlantic from the invasion of the forces of the Argentine junta – 40 years later, this is what happened and why the war began.



British troops arriving in the Falklands during the 1982 war.Credit: Getty Images

When did the Falklands War take place?

Argentina and Britain started a sovereignty war over the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands in 1982.

The conflict lasted 72 days, from April to June.

The fighting ended on June 14 – 40 years ago.


It was a short but bitter war after Argentine troops landed in the Falklands to assert their territorial claims.

What was the Falklands War about?

Argentina claimed a claim to the islands because it inherited them from the Spanish crown in the early 1800s.

He also based his claims on the proximity of the islands to the South American mainland.


The UK claims a title to the land based on its long-term administration of the Falklands and on the principle of self-determination of the islanders, almost all of whom are of British origin.

In a referendum on the islands in 2013, only three residents out of 1,517 were against the remaining British.

About 255 British troops died in the successful defense of the islands after being attacked and occupied by Argentina, which refers to the Falklands as the “Malvinas Islands”.


The 1982 conflict resulted in the death of 649 Argentine soldiers.

The conflict erupted after Argentina took over the islands and the UK sent a task force to retake them.

Tensions between Britain and Argentina over the Falklands escalated under former Argentine President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner but subsided under her successor, Mauricio Macri.

Britain has sought to improve relations with Argentina since the pro-business President Macri came to power, although Argentina continues to claim sovereignty over the islands.

Veterans have criticized the government for showing “total disrespect” to the soldiers who died, using the Argentine name “Malvina” for the islands on official websites and documents.

The website Fit for Travel, operated by the Scottish National Health Service, which offers advice to British travelers, has been using the term “Malvinas” alongside the Falklands for years, it turns out.

HMRC has also used the name in its tax credit guide, and the Home Office has included it in its visa advisory.

Residents complained that the use of the term “Malvinas” was offensive and disrespectful to British servicemen who died.

The Home Office and HMRC apologized for their mistakes and promised to only use the term “Falkland Islands” in the future.

The government has now removed any mention of the Malvinas Islands from official websites.

A spokesman said: “The UK has no doubts about its sovereignty over the Falkland Islands, nor about the right of the people of the Falkland Islands to self-determination.”

How did the Falklands War start?

On April 2, 1982, Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands, a remote British colony in the South Atlantic.

This move led to war with Britain.

Great Britain, who ruled the islands for 150 years, quickly decided to fight.

Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher said that Falkland’s 1,800 residents have “British traditions and origins”.

A task force was sent to recover the islands 8,000 miles away.

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